Shapeshifter - Knowledge of the Moon in Graeco-Roman Egypt
In her contribution, Victoria Altmann-Wendling presents on the one hand the practical application of the lunar phases for the calendar, the regulation of religious festivals and the priests' services. These indirect pieces of evidence will be further elaborated by Demotic and Greek papyri that contain computations about the moon's movement and phases. Furthermore, the role of the moon in astrology is elucidated. On the other hand, she shows how the moon and the astronomical phenomena related to it were integrated into the religious imagery and symbolism of Ancient Egypt. Since the sources derive mainly from the Graeco-Roman period in which a multicultural society was living in Egypt, reflections on possible exchange, transfer or adoption of knowledge are possible.