The Radio and/as Digital Productivism
Early theorists of the radio understood the medium's potential to radically transform both the technological apparatus and its use-value as a generator of identities and attitudes. Bertolt Brecht famously demanded that the radio's communication be two- rather than one-sided, while Boris Arvatov hailed radio as a »socialist object,« defined by its ability to generate collective rather than competing notions of subjectivity and ownership. Today's radio projects capitalize on the opportunities for expanded communication and shared resources offered by digital media, yet rely on the physical radio apparatus to negotiate the realities and myths of access and inclusion, immediacy and immateriality, the local and the global. Soldering workshops and online guides for making transmitters, the limited reach of micro-fm ethers, the creation of radio-forests implement and put to the test avant-garde notions like collectivity, immediacy, and dematerialization, ideas seemingly immanent to the rhetoric of the network.