Der Zweite Weltkrieg, die algerische Geschichte und die Figur des Nazitäters in der nordafrikanischen Literatur
In contrast to the anticolonial paradigm which is at the core of the overarching memory that forms and frames national and cultural identities in North Africa the Second World War is not often remembered as part of this collective memory. What is more, Nazism and Holocaust are generally omitted, if not even tabooed in public discourse. Contemporary literary fiction instead offers new approaches to integrate this particular chapter of world history in the cultural memory of the Maghreb. By intertwining the Second World War with key events of North-African history, the writers Kebir Ammi and Boualem Sansal establish a new strategy of memorizing Nazism from a critical point of view. My hypothesis is that their reflection on the Algerian War and literary characters who are moudjahid and also nazis facilitate evoking the Second World War as part of the own history. Thus, both authors contribute to establish a complex and interrelated culture of memory. I will demonstrate that the literary texts of Ammi and Sansal describe the Second World War not only as the colonizer's history, but also as part of a globalized Maghrebian cultural memory.