The Development of Neoliberal Measures of Competitiveness
Scholars explain the rise of Global Performance Indicators (GPIs) with a confluence of three developments: the turn to neoliberalism, the rise of transnational governance networks and the evolution of information technology and open data sources. Missing in the discussion so far is the creation of new data sources for the specific purpose of index construction. Although indices and rankings are imbued with notions of competition, the literature also does not sufficiently address the conflicting purposes of GPIs in general and the strategic development of GPIs for the purpose of establishing neoliberal norms of competition states. These claims are substantiated by way of tackling the history and development of the Economic Freedom Indices.